The researchers of the Conflict, Security and Democratic Transformation cluster study the mechanisms of conflict and broader issues of human security on the African continent. What are the driving forces behind conflicts in Africa? How can post-conflict societies get on the path towards democracy and peace? What are the ways in which societies and nations can be successfully rebuilt or reconstituted in the aftermath of civil war? The cluster also researches local conflicts arising from disputes over land rights and citizenship. A further important field is the role of international actors in conflicts in Africa, particularly the African Union.